Get A Distant Light: Scientists and Public Policy PDF

By Henry W. Kendall (auth.), Henry W. Kendall (eds.)

ISBN-10: 0387988335

ISBN-13: 9780387988337

ISBN-10: 1441985077

ISBN-13: 9781441985071

A number of essays via a Nobel Prize Laureate on a variety of serious matters dealing with the area, and the function of scientists in fixing those difficulties. Kendall has been heavily concerned with the Union of involved Scientists, a bunch that begun as a casual assocation at MIT in 1969 to protest US involvement in Vietnam and is at the present time a firm with an annual price range exceeding $6 million, with 100,000 supporters all over the world. UCD is this day a voice of authority in US executive technological know-how coverage, fairly with reference to setting matters, such a lot lately the global tasks on international warming. jointly, those essays symbolize either the sucessses and screw ups of technology to affect public coverage, the demanding situations dealing with scientists, and gives useful directions for involvement in technology coverage. The essays are approximately chronological, prepared by way of topic with introductions, starting with the controversies on nuclear strength security and 3 Mile Island,then through sections on nationwide safeguard matters, worldwide environmental and source problems,and radioactive cleanup and different present concerns. Kendall's Nobel Prize lecture in addition to a extra well known model thereof is usually integrated (and is the single rather technical fabric within the book). The images within the publication are Kendall's, from an 1992 exhibition of his paintings. Henry Kendall was once presented the Nobel Prize in physics (jointly with J.I.Friedman and R.E. Taylor) in 1990 for his examine within the constitution of the proton and netron. In 1969, he was once one in every of a bunch of physicist who based the Union of involved Scientists (UCS) and is presently Chairman of its Board of Directors.

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Standards Uncertain Emergency core-cooling system performance in a loss-of-coolant accident would be considered successful if the value of the relevant variables were kept below the thresholds defining the onset of the irreversible event of core meltdown. The Atomic Energy Commission has recently established regulations specifying the minimum design standards for emergency core-cooling systems. In the absence of full-scale testing or experience with accidents, such standards are difficult to establish.

There are other assumptions in WASH-740. They concern the mechanisms of radiation exposure from the cloud of radioactivity released by the reactor; the deposition of radioactive materials on the ground (fallout); and the mechanisms of transport and dispersion by the atmosphere for a variety of commonly occurring meteorological conditions. We have examined these assumptions and the calculations based on them and have concluded that they represent an adequate basis for estimating the consequences of a major accident.

In an effort to form a judgment as to the Idaho tests' implications for the safety of nuclear reactors, we have examined the technical documents pertaining to the Idaho experiments, have talked with some of the investigators who, with other reactor experts, performed the tests, have examined data on reactor safety systems contained in internal AEC reviews of the issues, and have reviewed the experiments in the safety research programs. The tests, part of the Loss-of-Fluid Test (LOFf) program, were performed on a small semi-scale reactor mockup.

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A Distant Light: Scientists and Public Policy by Henry W. Kendall (auth.), Henry W. Kendall (eds.)

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