By Douglas Q. Adams
The second one version of A Dictionary of Tocharian B comprises considerably all Tocharian B phrases present in frequently released texts, in addition to all these of the London and Paris collections released digitally (digital booklet of the Paris assortment continues to be incomplete), and a considerable variety of the Berlin assortment released digitally. The variety of entries is greater than twenty in keeping with cent more than within the first version. the final strategy is decidedly philological. All phrases other than right names are supplied with instance contexts. each one be aware is given in all its a number of attested morphological varieties, in its variation spellings, and mentioned semantically, syntactically (where appropriate), and etymologically. New to the second one version is the task, the place attainable, of the examples of the word’s use to their precise chronological interval (Archaic, Early, Classical, Late/Colloquial). This courting presents the start of the examine of the Tocharian B vocabulary on a historic foundation. incorporated also are a opposite English-Tocharian B index and, one other innovation to this variation, a basic index verborum of Indo-European cognates.
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Additional info for A Dictionary of Tocharian B
Etymology uncertain. Bailey (1958; followed by VW:621) sees in this word a compound, perhaps itself of Iranian origin, certainly of Iranian origin in its components. ’ However, it may well be that TchB amäk܈- and Greek are cognate because they are both inherited from PIE *h2em-haeks-y(e)ha- ‘wagon-chassis,’ whether or not Khotanese maĞ- (if such a form has an independent existence) belongs here or not. ) Likewise I do not see -pänte as borrowed from Iranian *pati-. Such an etymology leaves the -n- without any explanation.
Sat on [his] knees and with both palms touched the Buddha’s body’ (5b4/5C), • aiĞmw akn[Ɨ]tsa wat Ɨۨtpi ksa ܈p mƗ=läۨ mäskentär : ‘wise [man] and fool, the two are not distinguishable’ (28b3C). ), all ‘both’ (P:34-35)] (Meillet, 1911:147, 150, VW:162). Jasanoff (1976) has shown that of the Greek, Latin, and Tocharian forms, TchB antapi is notably archaic and requires a PIE *h2entbho-, with *h2ent- as in Hittite hant- ‘face,’ hanz(a) (< *h2enti) ‘in front,’ Greek antí ‘against,’ Latin ante ‘in front of,’ etc.
Schmidt, 1985:760]). ŶFrom B(H)S ƗcƗrya(through some Prakrit intermediary). ’ ///ntse aĞƗl mla/// (629b3C). 507a3Col [Peyrot, 2008:140 fn. 230]), [ly]kä[Ğ]ke-Ğaweۨ (THT-2374iib3? ]). ŶTchB aĞƗwe is clearly related to TchA ƗĞƗwe [indeclinable], probably because the A word is borrowed from B (contra VW:170). The shorter form ĞƗwe, shows that the a- is the intensive prefix e(n)- but further connections are uncertain. v. The meanings seem distant, but compare Gothic usdrusts ‘rough’ and usdriusan ‘fall (off),’ the range of meanings of Latin praecipitƗre, or those of OE drƝosan/ drƝarig.
A Dictionary of Tocharian B by Douglas Q. Adams